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I know you are hearing a lot about the water… the rivers, the oceans, the water in the tap.. and that it all seems complicated and overwhelming. Indeed, there are gyres of plastic in the ocean the size of a city and there are drugs in the tap water in New York City and the coral reefs are dieing off from pollution.. but there’s another one. One that hits really close to home and should be a major concern for you.

Recent studies prove that chemicals in the water supply (from the ocean up the waterways to your kitchen sink) are bending genders in wildlife. These chemicals are what is known as endocrine disruptors, similar to the BPA everyone has been talking about, and they change the sex in organisms. Aquatic organisms are switching from male to female and back again as a result of exposure to these chemicals. But the stuff isn’t isolated to distant waterways where nothing but creeping anemones sprawl on rocks and in caves; this stuff is right out there, where you might even be swimming. For sure, they are moving into the water that is used to make our tap water. No kidding.

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I saw this in an online news outlet from New Delhi. I had already become aware of this problem in the past and I spoke about it here on this blog under the article, How To Make eWaste Processing Easier. What is happening is that India has imported a ton of electronics waste from all over the world. This is in addition to its own electronics waste, which is substantial. The end result to this unfortunate situation is a disposal dilemma.

According to the article, there are no separate figures for e-waste generated by Indians and the amount of it that was imported but the scale of the problem is growing. In fact, the local authorities expect it to reach 800,000 tons by the end of this year. This is, I think, outrageous. The effects of this pollution will be devastating to the poor populations of this struggling country and will eventually effect us all through the air and water.

Pollution control officials are saying that India only has six regular recycling units with a total yearly capacity of only 27,000 tons. This is obviously not enough. Consider that a single state in our country has more capacity than this and India is more densely populated than we are!

But they are just as high tech hungry as we are. They have become enamored of the modern mobile phones and televisions with a burgeoning middle class who sees electronic appliances as important status symbols. This is a mirror of our own culture, as Americans hold a similar view. Also, much of the waste from abroad comes to India in the form of charity donations of old technology. Schools and businesses snap this stuff up in order to provide their population with the advantages of modern tools. It also ends up being refurbished and sold to an Indian population that wants badly to join the technology boom that the US and other wealthy countries currently enjoy. But then this stuff finds its way to dumps and recycling centers, creating the dangers of plastics leaking dioxins and LCDs.

One of the worst side effects of this situation in India is that there is no mechanical method of dismantling or breaking down this gear and most of it is done by hand. This exposes the workers to carcinogenic metals including barium, lead, copper and cadmium. I guess cancer will soon be a big problem over there as well.

Add to this that most of the stuff is recycled in hazardous conditions and you have a recipe for disaster. It has been realized over the past few decades that plastic leaks dioxin during the breakdown process so it is no longer recycled in the US. However, this is not keeping India and other poor countries from importing tons of the stuff and then recycling it after use. There is no shortage of sickness, including cancer and other fatal diseases, in the slums that sit adjacent to these recycling centers and landfills.

Currently, the government is trying to bring in legislation to curb the imports of e-waste and regulate recycling. But it may be very hard to do with an eager customer base of people too poor to afford new.

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Perhaps you have heard about these and how they are a part of the solution to global warming. And perhaps you have also heard that Desert Hills Dairy Biodigester has begun plans and acquired land to construct the very first biodigester in the State of Nevada at Desert Hills Dairy in Wabuska, near Yerington, Nevada. But what the heck is it? And how can it help?

Biodigesters capture methane from dairy cattle to generate clean electrical energy! I know this sounds amazing but the problem created by cattle poop on meat and dairy farms is outrageous and dangerous and must be mitigated. You are aware, I am sure, that cattle poop is sold as manure for gardening and makes a wonderful fertilizer. Now, take the step mentally, from the energy and heat created by fertilizer to the energy required to make electricity. It’s really that simple.

The methane captured by the biodigester is enough to create a highly nutritious and non toxic liquid fertilizer, a high quality mulch by product that generates enough power to run both the digester and the dairy. This mitigates an enormous amount of the methane generated on the dairy and takes that much CO2 out of the atmosphere. Now, if we can just get them running on every farm and cattle ranch in the country.

According to the CEO of DHDB, Dr. Micheal Ganz, “Desert Hills is the largest and best managed dairy in Northern Nevada. We will use proven digester technology developed by GHD, Inc. in Wisconsin to obtain maximum yields from this installation.” Quote obtained online from Reuters.

Studies have proven that the methan produced from dairy cattle, in particular, has a greenhouse warming effect 21 times carbon dioxide. It has been established that a herd of 10,000 cows can produce as much as a billion cubic feet of methane annually. This information comes from studies performed at the University of Texas and from statistics compiled by the Midwest Rural Energy Council.

“At a time when the Nevada dairy industry has been severely damaged by the recession, income from a biodigester can make the difference between economic profitability and failure,” Dr. Ganz added, according to Reuters.

This is all well and good and I am very pleased with the ingenuity and effort that went into this device. American business will find a way as long as there is money and good will in it. However, if the climate bill gets passed as it is right now, this won’t make much difference. They’ll end up using the offsets from the diary farms to mitigate carbon creation at other locations, including China and India. As good as the biodigester is and I give kudos to those folk that invented it and are trying to use it, it will have nada impact on this mess if we don’t make everybody use it and not allow trade offs. Keep the pressure on. Write your congressman or woman and let them know how you feel.

Note: DHDB (Desert Hills Dairy Biodigester) is a subsidiary of Carbon Bank Ireland, LLC.

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There is a big issue going on today about how to handle air pollution and it’s impact on global warming. You are, no doubt, aware of many different arguments on both sides of the issue. The only thing the majority agrees on is that air pollution does exist and it does influence global warming. There is a small minority of dissenters who don’t believe that the planet is warming or don’t believe it matters. I am not going to argue this today but I am going to address one sector involved in this ongoing battle.

In 2007 the EPA released a report on air pollution and named the causes of it. One of these causes was said to be gas from livestock farming; the gas of cows who eat grain exudes methane, which, in turn, destroys the ozone layer. There are, according to all sources, a large number of cattle in this country eating grain and farting. As funny as this is, it is also deadly serious and the fact that the EPA listed cows as such a source puts farmers on a short list of people responsible for contributing to global warming.

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I thought my readers might like to know about this neat new site that helps people go green. How does it do that? Well, it actually occurs on the idea level, where things are engineered and developed. If you can imagine it, it can be designed with nature in mind. In fact, nature provides the best model for all developing ideas and has been the design that most architects and engineers have copied over time.

This is referred to as “biomimicry” and it works very well. The site is designed with biomimicry in mind, presenting solutions to problems and generating concepts from basic ideas. Innovators throughout the world will find this site extremely useful, putting brilliance at their fingertips when they had to read a million books and study as many models before. Basically designed for Biologists, Architects, Engineers, Chemists and Designers, the site aggregates the entire history of the natural world in one usable design model. Sound incredible? I guess it does. But here it is from their website:

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This information was published in Reuters and on the Environmental News Network .

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The world’s wetlands, threatened by development, dehydration and climate change, could release a planet-warming “carbon bomb” if they are destroyed, ecological scientists said on Sunday.

Wetlands contain 771 billion tons of greenhouse gases, one-fifth of all the carbon on Earth and about the same amount of carbon as is now in the atmosphere, the scientists said before an international conference linking wetlands and global warming.

If all the wetlands on the planet released the carbon they hold, it would contribute powerfully to the climate-warming greenhouse effect, said Paulo Teixeira, coordinator of the Pantanal Regional Environment Program in Brazil. Read More…

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ScienceDaily (Oct. 15, 2003) – Recently, Toyota Motor Corp opened the production site of its gasoline-electric hybrid cars to journalists for the first time. Many leading auto makers have questioned the benefit of developing these vehicles, arguing they are just a temporary solution before zero-emission fuel cell vehicles are the standard 20 years from now.

However, a researcher at the University of Missouri-Columbia discovered that the development of a plug-in fuel cell hybrid, with as little as 20 miles of range from rechargeable hydrogen, could cut the amount of gasoline consumed in the United States by more than 50 percent. In addition, this technology could be mass produced in the next five years…… Read More


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Manual On How To Build An Attachment For Gas Engines To Use Water For Fuel.

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